The Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU exists to ensure that all electrical equipment within specific voltage limits, sold on the EU single market, provides the necessary high level of protection for European consumers. When performing a risk assessment under the LVD, you need to take into account the probable occurrence of specific hazards. Such hazards, included within the scope of the Low Voltage Directive, could be:
- Electrical hazards, such as leakage current, stored charges, energy supply, electric shock, arcs and burns.
- Mechanical hazards which could be, for instance, instability, falling or ejected objects, break-down during operation, edges or corners or other inadequate surfaces, moving parts, vibration, and others.
- Hazards arising from the production and/or usage of hazardous materials, such as liquids, gases, mists, dust, etc.
- Other dangers that can occur are an explosion, disturbances in the electric, magnetic or electromagnetic field, ionising and non-ionizing radiation, optical radiation, temperature, fire, acoustic noise, emissions, biological and chemical effects, and many more.
The hazards mentioned above could lead to the following kinds of harm:
- Hand cuts
- Burned skin on the human body or property damage
- Electrical shock or other injuries resulting from leakage current hazard
- And others.